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Hypertonicity and Episodic Falling - Overview

Overview | Symptoms | Treatment | Management Hypertonicity or Episodic Falling, also known as Hyperkinesis, Falling Cavaliers, Collapsing Cavalier Syndrome, Scotty Cramp or Paroxysmal Hypertonicity Disorder, is characterized by episodic, paroxysmal attacks during which affected animals fall, exhibit muscle rigidity and may be acutely and dramatically incapacitated. Dogs do not lose consciousness and are clinically normal between attacks. Episodes appear to be triggered by stress, apprehension, and excitement, where affected animals develop a peculiar bounding,...
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Hypertonicity and Episodic Falling - Symptoms

Overview | Symptoms | Treatment | Management The symptoms associated with Hypertonicity or Episodic Falling, also known as Hyperkinesis, Falling Cavaliers, Collapsing Cavalier Syndrome, Scotty Cramp or Paroxysmal Hypertonicity Disorder are often confused with epileptic seizures. However, Hypertonicity/Episodic Falling can be distinguished by the fact that dogs remain conscious through the event. Hypertonicity/Episodic Falling episodes appear to be triggered by stress, apprehension, excitement and variable periods of exercise. During episodes, affected dogs display increased muscle...
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Hypertonicity and Episodic Falling - Treatment

Overview | Symptoms | Treatment | Management Dogs affected with Hypertonicity or Episodic Falling, also known as Hyperkinesis, Falling Cavaliers, Collapsing Cavalier Syndrome, Scotty Cramp or Paroxysmal Hypertonicity Disorder can be treated medically to mediate the severity and frequency of disease symptoms. Although the disorder is rarely fatal, a correct diagnosis is important because severe, extended episodes can be treated effectively by veterinarians. There are no definitive tests to diagnose this disorder; typically the combination...
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Hypertonicity and Episodic Falling - Management

Overview | Symptoms | Treatment | Management Special care can be given to dogs with Hypertonicity/Episodic Falling, also known as Hyperkinesis, Falling Cavaliers, Collapsing Cavalier Syndrome, Scotty Cramp or Paroxysmal Hypertonicity Disorder to minimize the severity and decrease the frequency of episodes. Typically, affected dogs will recover without treatment within 10-60 minutes, although stiffness may last for hours. Anecdotal evidence suggests that lifestyle changes to remove known stressors and supplement diet may help considerably. In...
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